26
May 2015
Get you gone!

Hiking is fun, sure – and a great way to explore the beauty of the great outdoors; but did you know that its benefits go far beyond just physical activity?

 

Hiking is great way to enjoy the beauty and wonder of the outdoors. One of the main advantages of hiking is that it is an activity that is highly adaptable to many individual circumstances, such as fitness level, free time, monetary constraints, and length of travel desired.

 

In fact, this sport is one of the easiest physical pastimes to begin enjoying. Aside from providing a great source of physical activity and exercise, this fun hobby also has many hidden benefits that you will enjoy as you explore the hiking opportunities available in your locality.

 

Fight Stress With Each Hike

 

The modern world is demanding and nearly everyone must adhere to hectic work and family schedules. Taking time out to relax is important, and most people are already aware of the stress relieving properties of exercise.

 

Hiking not only provides the physical relief of other exercise options, but spending time outdoors and in nature has been shown to be a powerful stress and anxiety reliever. People who spend more time in outdoor green spaces exhibit lower levels of a stress hormone called cortisol, which translates into a happier, healthier and more relaxed state of mind. Hiking perfectly combines exercise with time in nature.

 

Improved Quality of Sleep

 

Sleep deprivation has almost become the norm in today’s society. Whether you’re kept awake from stress, a constant flow of emails or an inability to shut off the TV, computer or mobile device, you’re not alone.

 

Nearly 20 percent of Americans report getting 6 hours or less of sleep a night. Most people need, on average, about 6-7 hours of sleep nightly to be adequately rested. Hiking, along with the benefits of aiding relaxation and reducing anxiety, can also help people to achieve a higher quality of sleep.

 

Regular physical activity has been shown to improve sleep by over 50 percent in those who engage in a regular schedule of exercise. Thus, hiking can be an important part of getting a better night’s sleep.

 

Bonus Sleep Benefits of Camping

 

If you choose to take your hike to the next level and decide to spend an entire night in nature, or a few nights, you are helping your sleep cycle tremendously.

Most of us in the modern world have gotten so used to the artificial lights, noises and distractions of modern technology that our bodies have forgotten how and when it’s time to sleep. A night under the stars is a good way to reset that.

 

Your body will be in complete darkness at night and teach itself to wake up with the sun, as you’re meant to naturally. Just remember to not bring any electronic gadgets that you don’t absolutely need. Having a phone and GPS for emergencies is the only one I’d suggest, and only turn them on when you need them.

 

Hiking Helps to Build Stronger, Healthier Bones

 

Not only does hiking strengthen your muscles and increase flexibility, it also helps to build stronger bones. Exercise that is weight bearing, meaning that you are on your feet and supporting your entire body weight with your legs,causes new bone tissue to form.

 

Adding to your bone mass helps to avoid accidental breaks or fractures, reduces the risk of developing osteoporosis and strengthens your entire body. Hiking is a low-impact weight bearing exercise, making it appropriate for nearly any age group or level of fitness.

 

Hiking – A Whole Body & Mind Workout

 

Hiking requires that you utilize every part of your body, improves your balance and coordination and helps to build overall core strength. It also stimulates your senses as you bask in the beauty of nature, improves your mental capabilities as you maintain your trail route and creates an increased awareness of your surroundings.

 

Hiking lets you take full control of your workout, because you can go as fast or slow as you want and can control the level of intensity you experience. Because of the adaptability of hiking, both beginners and seasoned fitness aficionados can benefit from and achieve a satisfying workout.

 

You don’t need any special equipment other than a sturdy pair of shoes, you don’t need to pay for a fitness club membership and you don’t have to deal with the anxiety of learning how to operate exercise machines.

 

Hiking is good for your body, mind and soul.

 

Source

25
May 2015
2 Steps Back, 5 Steps Ahead

Are you a cyclist looking to break a plateau, or even to shave a few minutes off your best time?  A new study demonstrates that taking some time to work on your backwards pedaling skills could do just that.

 

Spinning class is one situation in which forward progress could be all about moving backwards, according to a recent study published by the American Council on Exercise (ACE).

 

It might sound a bit to the contrary, but the research team says that pedaling backward could be beneficial for cyclists. It could change the way the leg muscles are stimulated, just as marathoners benefit from working sprints into training sessions and weight lifters benefit from minute changes in barbell grip.

 

In the study, the research team selected the Cascade CMXRT recumbent exercise bike ($2,195) because its design makes for a ride that closely resembles the feel of outdoor cycling.

 

Working with 16 healthy volunteers, of which eight were men and eight were women, the research team conducted two experiments.

 

In the first, they set out to evaluate how pedaling backward affected heart rate (HR), oxygen consumption (VO2) and calories burned compared with pedaling forward.

 

They started out by a practice session to introduce volunteers to the bike. Then in the first experiment, volunteers completed six five-minute intervals of submaximal exercise — meaning that intensity usually does not exceed 85 per cent of maximum heart rate.

 

Half of the intervals involved pedaling forward and the other half involved pedaling backward and a two-minute rest was permitted between intervals of the same direction; the research team monitored HR and VO2 continuously.

 

Half of the volunteers pedaled forward first and then switched to backward after a ten-minute rest, the other half did the opposite and everybody’s workload progressed from baseline.

 

The second experiment followed the same format of the first, yet it was designed to determine whether pedaling direction engages different muscles or the same and volunteers were attached to electromyography (EMG) machines.

 

Backwards could put you ahead of the game

 

Cycling backward produced a significantly higher HR by eight beats per minute, on average, and VO2 and calorie expenditure increased significantly when volunteers pedalled in the reverse sense.

 

EMG data says three frontal quadriceps muscles were significantly more active by as much as 17.5 per cent when pedaling backward, although other muscles observed — in the calves, backs of the thighs and buttocks — showed no significant differences in activity.

 

No differences were observed between male and female volunteers for either experiment.

 

Source

24
May 2015

 

That sun be harmful!

After this most recent study by Consumer Reports, you should be taking that SPF number on your sunscreen with a grain of salt (pun intended)

 

The 11 tested sunscreens that didn’t stand up to their claims are:

 

  • Hawaiian Tropic Sheer Touch Ultra Radiance SPF 50 (delivered SPF 28)
  • Babyganics Mineral-Based SPF 50+ (delivered SPF 25)
  • Well at Walgreens Baby SPF 50 (delivered SPF 25)
  • Vanicream SPF 50+ (delivered SPF 17)
  • Yes To Cucumbers Natural SPF 30 (delivered SPF 14)
  • Coppertone ClearlySheer for Beach & Pool SPF 50+ (delivered SPF 37)
  • Banana Boat Sport Performance Clear UltraMist with Powerstay Technology SPF 50+ (delivered SPF 24)
  • EltaMD UV Aero SPF 45 (delivered SPF 22)
  • Coppertone UltraGuard SPF 70+ Lotion (delivered SPF 59)
  • Banana Boat Sport Performance with Powerstay Technology SPF 100 Spray (delivered SPF 36)
  • CVS Baby Pure & Gentle SPF 60 Lotion (delivered SPF 18)

 

The SPF measurement focuses not on the strength of protection at a given moment, but rather the length of time at which a person is well-shielded from the UVB rays that cause sunburn and contribute to skin damage that can lead to skin cancer down the road. Sunscreens with 30 SPF or higher are said to block 97 percent of these harmful rays for two hours (it’s recommended that people reapply any sunscreen choice every two hours).

 

Read the full article at Huffington Post

23
May 2015
A Feast to Remember

Think that food you’re eating is healthy? Guess again – here’s a breakdown of the most commonly perceived healthy foods that turn out to be more like junk food.

 

Beware: Just because it seems healthy doesn’t mean it is!  Check out Jennifer Cohen’s list of 14 “healthy” foods that are actually bad for you before you go on your next shopping trip, or out to pick up a quick bite. These are some common mistakes that people tend to think are healthy. Remember, the most powerful tool for nutrition you have is knowledge of what you’re eating.

 

1. Wheat Bread

You can add wheat to literally any carbohydrate and label it as a wheat product. These days, you can get Whole Wheat Lucky Charms – do you really think that makes them healthy? If it isn’t 100% whole wheat, bread can contain enriched flour, which gives you a sugar spike and crash without any nutritional value. Basically, enriched flour means nutrients are stripped from the bread.

 

Swap it for: Fiber-rich breads that are 100% whole wheat. Other breads like multigrain and sprouted are good options too, as long as those are the first ingredients on the package. Better yet, if you want to cut 200 calories, try wrapping your sandwiches with romaine lettuce.

 

2. Dried Fruit

Sure, it’s got fiber. It also has tons of added sugar and sulfur to keep it preserved longer. YUM! Since the fruit is dried, it has at least 3 times more calories per volume than its fresh counterpart. A bag of banana chips has three times as many calories as a banana and 20% more fat.

 

Swap it for: Fresh is ALWAYS best with fruit! It will keep you feeling full longer, and you get all the nutrients that weren’t sucked out in the drying process.

 

3. Trail Mix

If you’re not on the trail, skip the trail mix. Packed with salted nuts, sugar covered raisins and even M&M’s, even a small handful can contain 300+ calories. Trail mix is a quick energy snack to people on the trail who need those extra calories to burn, but not a good option for healthful snacking. In your everyday life you don’t need that ton of sugar and salt.

 

Swap it for: A single portion serving of unsalted nuts. Measure it out from the bag so you know exactly how many to eat. A small handful of almonds can satisfy your hunger and give you a great nutrition boost until your next meal.

 

4. Flavored Soy Milk

Yes, soy can be a source of protein and potassium. But drinking the vanilla or chocolate flavors adds 10 grams of sugar and 50 calories per cup. No thanks!

 

Swap it for:  regular soy milk, or you could try almond milk or hemp milk. If you’re staying away from dairy these are two great options.

 

5. Fat Free Flavored Yogurt

Say it with me: fat-free foods are NOT health foods! I always say fat doesn’t make you fat, sugar makes you fat. Most flavored yogurts pack 15 grams of sugar in 6 oz., and yes, even if they’re flavored with fruit they’re not healthy.

 

Swap it for: Greek yogurt with fresh cut fruit. Raw blueberries are my favorite – they have the highest antioxidants of all fruits, and taste great. If you want that added sweetness, add a drizzle of honey or agave.

 

6. Reduced Fat Peanut Butter

One of the biggest benefits of peanuts is that they’re full of monounsaturated fats, aka good fats. Take that out of the peanut butter and what do you have left? Tons of sugar and the same amount of (now empty) calories. Typically whenever you see reduced fat in any product, it means that the fat was replaced with sugar or salt.

 

Swap it for: Just stick to the real thing and have less of it. Get natural peanut butter with no added sugar. It’s the best way to go for nutrition, and just a little bit will help fill you up.

 

7. Fruit Cocktail

You may think that anything with fruit in it is healthy for you. But it’s how fruit is preserved that can make a huge difference. A cup of fruit cocktail may be around 110 calories, but has 26 grams of sugar. That is your entire daily value!

 

Swap it for:  After this article you know that real fruit is ALWAYS better!  A banana or an apple is just as portable as a little plastic cup.

 

8. Pretzels

While they have 1/10 the fat of potato chips, pretzels have just as much sodium and are nutritionally empty. They’re also made with white flour, which spikes your sugar and just makes you hungry soon after. Look at the back of the bag: Pretzels have a ton of ingredients (a big red flag) and are incredibly calorie dense because the number one ingredient is enriched flour, followed by salt, corn syrup and corn oil. Doesn’t sound too healthy anymore, does it!

 

Swap it for: Kale chips. For fewer calories, you will get protein, fiber, vitamins and minerals to keep you going. Kale chips will satiate you for way longer than pretzels, without the sugar crash, and they’ve becoming increasingly popular lately for just this reason.

 

9. Protein Bars

Read. The. Label. Too many protein bars are just processed bricks of artificial ingredients and fillers. Most of them end up being not much more than a candy bar with protein sprinkled in it. You do not want to grab these as snacks, and if it has over 200 calories and more than 8 grams of sugar, leave it on the shelf!

 

Swap it for: If you’re looking for a protein boost try beans in a meal, damage, or humus and vegetables for a snack. These options will have protein from the source instead of being added on to a candy bar, like many protein bars end up being.

 

10. Frozen Yogurt

No matter what mix-ins you choose there is absolutely no nutritional value in frozen yogurt. You’re not doing yourself a service by eating fro-yo instead of ice cream. It’s a sugar treat that needs to JUST be a treat!

 

Swap it for: Just have the real thing in a smaller portion. Half a cup of real ice cream is more satiating, you’ll feel more full and you’ll be eating the real thing. It’s a treat – nothing more, nothing less.

 

11. Organic Snack Foods

I was shopping with my mother at an upscale grocery store when she picked up a box of organic toaster pastries and started laughing. “Organic or not, a pop tart is still a pop tart!” she said, and she’s right. It’s very popular these days to use the words organic or gluten free, and people think these are synonymous with healthy – they’re not.

 

Swap it for: A snack that will love you back. Instead of sugary cookies, try fast-baked apples – microwave apple slices with a pinch of cinnamon. Instead of greasy potato chips, try a handful of shelled, unsalted pistachios.

 

12. Granola Bars

If it’s a choice between a granola bar and skipping a meal, granola bars are useful.  However these bars are packed with sugar, sodium and saturated fat. If you thought a granola bar was healthy as a snack, you might as well have a Snickers! Doesn’t sound all-natural anymore, does it?

 

Swap it for: Sliced mango and a small piece of dark chocolate. For a fraction of the calories and sugar, you can eat something delicious, nutritious and still satisfy your sweet tooth and snack cravings.

 

13. Sushi Rolls

Fish, rice & seaweed – why isn’t this healthy? A regular salmon or tuna roll can be a good treat, but it’s the westernized versions you have to watch out for. For example, a salmon rolled with rice and seaweed is 120 calories per serving. A Philadelphia roll with salmon, cream cheese, spicy mayo and house sauce can add up to 500 calories per serving. You might as well have a McDonald’s Big Mac!

 

Swap it for: Sashimi!  It’s usually accompanied with radish and ginger, and arranged beautifully. Avoid ordering anything spicy or crunchy, as these typically add 300+ calories to your otherwise healthy dish.

 

14. Veggie Omelette

Like sushi, this food isn’t inherently evil – if you know how to order it. The extras that get added in are what needlessly raise the calorie level. The veggies in your omelet are often cooked in a sea of oil to begin with. Combine that with the oil and butter in the pan and cheese, and you’re looking at over a cup of oil in your seemingly healthy breakfast.

 

Swap it for: a dry omelet – restaurants know this means no oil in the pan. Ask for steamed veggies, and hold off on the cheese. Remember, the devil is in the details so keep that in mind next time you choose to be healthy!

 

Source

21
May 2015
Rucksack much?

“Rucking” has been around since the American Revolution – and is slowly but surely emerging as a solid trend among fitness buffs.

 

The task involving rucking is simple. You’re only required to walk for miles carrying a weighted backpack.

 

The term “rucking” is from “rucksack,” a carrying device developed in the mid-19th century, which the military refers to as their “backpack.”  Filled with gears and necessities and weighing almost 200 pounds, soldiers carry these around while walking 25 miles and more,according to Men’s Health.

 

Rucking has built, toned and strengthened bodies of the NAVY Seal, but the activity can also work for the average person.

 

“It’s simple, and it delivers a lot of health and fitness benefits,” said Doug Kechijian, Doctor of Physical Therapy at Peak Performance in New York. Kechijian is also a former soldier in the U.S. Special Forces.

 

Doing a 30-minute walk with a rucksack can burn up to 325 calories, three times more than an regular morning walk. The activity also helps relieve and prevent back pain, as the weighted backpack can strengthen the back muscles. This is particularly helpful for gym buffs who have developed a disc bulge.

 

Continue Reading at Headlines and Global News

20
May 2015
Got cholesterol?

That cholesterol in your food is no big deal, so sayeth the scientific advisory panel for the 2015 iteration of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. If the recommendations are adopted, it would signal a major about-face in governmental dietary advice.

 

For 50 years, government agencies and mainstream medical establishments have advised Americans to lower their intake of dietary cholesterol — despite growing research that disputes its reputation as the primary culprit behind heart disease.

 

“Cholesterol is not considered a nutrient of concern for overconsumption,” stated the panel after its review of current scientific literature and medical knowledge.

 

“It’s the right decision,” Steven Nissen, MD, chair of cardiovascular medicine at the Cleveland Clinic, told USA Today. “We got the dietary guidelines wrong. They’ve been wrong for decades.”

 

This doesn’t mean that health warnings about cholesterol in your bloodstream are changing, just that experts now believe the cholesterol in food is not at fault.

 

The dietary guidelines are updated every five years and have broad reach, including school-lunch programs.

 

Source

19
May 2015
How fit is your brain?

Staying physically fit isn’t just good for your health. It’s also a good way to beef up your brain, according to new research.

 

Led by Laura Chaddock-Heyman, a research scientist at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign’s Beckman Institute, a team of researchers found greater aerobic fitness is associated with more fibrous and compact white matter, a type of nerve tissue connected to learning and brain function. Previous research has shown more compact white matter fibers can lead to improved cognitive performance.

 

“Our work has important implications for educational and public health policies, as sedentary behaviors and inactivity rise and physical activity opportunities are reduced or eliminated during the school day,” Chaddock-Heyman says. “Hopefully these findings will reinforce the importance of aerobic fitness during development and lead to additional physical activity opportunities in and out of the school environment.”

 

The researchers used a type of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to look at five different white matter tracts in the brains of two dozen 9- and 10-year-olds, half of whom were more physically fit and half were less fit. White matter also works to carry nerve signals between different parts of the brain, and all of the tracts examined have been associated with attention and memory, the study says.

 

Just one-quarter of American youths currently engage in the recommended amount of daily physical activity, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. That can have a negative impact on their academics, research has shown.

 

Previous research shown improved fitness can boost students’ memory and learning, but this new study is the first to show a connection between physical fitness and brain structure during childhood.

 

“We know from previous work that higher fit children outperform lower fit children on tasks of attention, memory and school performance,” Chaddock-Heyman says. “Thus, it is possible that white matter structure is another pathway by which fitness relates to improved cognition.”

 

The study was published Tuesday in the journal Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. Moving forward, the researchers plan to conduct a five-year study to determine whether children’s white matter structure improves when they start and maintain a new physical fitness routine.

 

“Be smart, and exercise your heart,” Chaddock-Heyman says. “High levels of physical fitness are not only good for one’s physical health, but one’s cognitive and brain health as well.”

 

Source

18
May 2015

Sore?
Muscle soreness after a workout is widely considered an indication of fitness gains and muscle growth – but this may not always be the case.

 

At some point during your resistance training career, you’ve probably experienced it – muscles so sore you could barely bend down to pick something up. This phenomenon called delayed-onset muscle soreness, or DOMS, happens when you stress your muscles more than they’re accustomed to. DOMS is usually most profound when you first begin training with weights or after you haven’t lifted for a while, but it can happen anytime you push yourself harder than usual. After you’ve trained for a while and experience that old, familiar feeling of stiff, achy muscles, you might wonder whether the extra soreness you’re feeling is a good indication of future gains. Is DOMS correlated with muscle growth?

 

Delayed-Onset Muscle Soreness and Muscle Growth

 

First, let’s shatter some misconceptions about DOMS. At one time, people believed delayed-onset muscle soreness was caused by build-up of lactic acid in muscles. This doesn’t appear to be the case, primarily because lactic acid is flushed out of the muscles within an hour of a workout, and you often don’t feel the effects of DOMS until at least 8 hours after a workout. The discomfort usually peaks within 24 to 48 hours, although you may feel some soreness for up to 7 days.

 

What more likely causes DOMS is micro-trauma to muscle fibers along with the formation of microscopic tears in the muscle fibers due to the stress of training. Eccentric contractions, when a muscle elongates under tension, as in lowering weights or running downhill, is the primary stimulus for micro-trauma and DOMS, although you can experience a lesser degree of DOMS after concentric dominant exercise as well. So, if you suddenly decide to do a super-slow training session where you emphasize the eccentric phase of an exercise, expect to feel sore! Once micro-damage to muscle fibers has taken place, a variety of inflammatory chemicals called cytokines are released that elicit the sensation of pain.

 

Is DOMS a Predictor of Muscle Growth?

 

It may not be accurate to use muscle soreness, or DOMS, as a marker for future muscle growth. Research looking at links between muscle soreness and muscle hypertrophy hasn’t shown a strong correlation between degree of muscle soreness and muscle hypertrophy, although muscle damage is clearly a stimulus for muscle growth. Muscle damage activates satellite cells on the outside of muscle fibers, causing them to fuse with pre-existing muscle fibers to increase the number of myofibrils or contractile units inside the muscle fibers. Satellite cells are supported by a number of growth factors and hormones like growth hormone and insulin, which further stimulates hypertrophy. So microscopic damage to muscle fibers IS a stimulus for muscle growth, but what’s less clear is whether it’s a NECESSARY one. A study published in the Journal of Experimental Biology calls this into question.

 

In this study, two groups of participants took part in an 11-week training session using high-force, eccentric movements with the total work load being the same. One group had been pre-trained with an initial exercise bout prior to the start of training, while the other group was “naïve” with no prior training to protect them against DOMS.

 

As expected the naïve, untrained group experienced significant DOMS along with an increase in markers for muscle damage, while the pre-trained group didn’t. Despite the lack of muscle soreness in the second group, both groups of participants experienced similar increases in size and strength, suggesting it’s the total work performed that matters for muscle growth.

 

 

Continue reading at Cathe.com!

17
May 2015

Stressed?

It seems like this unfortunate emotion is more visible than on Monday than on any other day of the week – here’s five tips to deal & promote the healthier (and more sane) you.

 

The better we are at addressing our stressors and learning how we can reduce their effects, the more well we become.

 

1. Avoid the snooze button

 

We’ve already determined establishing a proper sleep schedule can help you become less tired throughout the day. With less grogginess comes more productivity and, in turn, a reduction of stress.

 

And while heading to bed early seems simple enough, there are definitely tips and tricks that can help you settle your mind after a long day. Learn to unplug from technology up to 30 minutes prior to crawling underneath the covers. When it comes to rising, while it may be challenging, aim to get out of bed when your alarm goes off.

 

Avoiding multiple taps of the snooze button will give your body more time to adjust to being awake instead of simply getting a few more minutes of shut eye that may just make you more tired.

 

2. Breathe

 

While sitting at your desk, attending meetings, or commuting home, practice taking deep breaths throughout your day. Most of us take short, shallow inhales due to stress or an overall lack of body awareness. So try it out. Right now, take a 3-5 second inhale, hold at the top and slowly exhale for 3-5 seconds.

 

We all lead busy lives filled with an overwhelming about of multitasking. And while it may be impossible to incorporate a much needed yoga class into your week, taking deep breaths is something your can do anywhere, anytime.

 

3. Sweat it out

 

Starting this week, right now, aim to get in at least 3 workouts. Exercise releases endorphins and helps initiate an all-natural stress relief within the body.

 

When you stop thinking of fitness as something you ‘must do’ and instead find an activity that you enjoy doing, you’ll be more likely to continue. So go try a free fitness class and start working out your stress. Before you know it, you’ll be looking forward to your weekly sweat sessions and be holding on to less tension. It’s a win win!

 

4. Eat balanced meals

 

I love a good s’mores as much as the next person, but when it comes to reducing stress and feeling your best, you must fuel your body with nutrient-dense foods.

 

Aim to incorporate a large variety of fresh fruits and vegetables into your diet. The cleaner and less processed you eat, the more energy you’ll have to get to the gym and release stress in a healthy way.

 

5. Unplug

 

This may be the most difficult tip to adhere to, but if you’re feeling stressed daily, it’s necessary.

 

Between our smart phones and constantly evolving technology, it can be hard to remove yourself. But, while this is all very valuable for our society, it’s just as important for you to know when to turn it off and focus on your health.

 

Unplugging can be as minimal as silencing your phone 30 minutes before bed and as grandiose as not opening your laptop all weekend. Regardless of which level you (and your job) choose to do, stick with it. You’ll begin to notice your shoulders relax and an essence of calm as you power down elements of your life.

 

Source: bostinno.streewise.co

15
May 2015
Do smartphones and exercise really jive?

How do you use your smartphone while you work out? That’s the key question when it comes to deciding whether or not it’s helping or hurting your fitness.

 

Kent State University researchers Jacob Barkley, Ph.D., and Andrew Lepp, Ph.D., as well as Kent State alumni Michael Rebold, Ph.D., and Gabe Sanders, Ph.D., assessed how common smartphone uses – texting and talking – interfere with treadmill exercise.

 

The researchers, from Kent State’s College of Education, Health and Human Services, found that when individuals use their smartphones during exercise for texting or talking, it causes a reduction in exercise intensity.

 

“Exercising at a lower intensity has been found to reduce the health benefits of exercise and fitness improvements over time,” Barkley said.

 

The results of the study and the widespread use of smartphones during exercise help explain the results of a previous study conducted at Kent State by the same researchers, which found a negative relationship between smartphone use and cardiorespiratory fitness.

 

“These findings are important because poor cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with an increased prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors, such as higher cholesterol and blood pressure levels, which could potentially lead to premature mortality,” said Rebold, who worked on the study while at Kent State and now serves as an assistant professor of exercise science at Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania.

 

In the present study, 44 students participated in four, separate 30-minute exercise sessions on a treadmill. The researchers assessed the effects of common smartphone functions, such as music, talking and texting, and a control condition where the students had no access to their smartphones. During each session, average treadmill speed, heart rate and enjoyment were all assessed. The study demonstrated that relative to the no smartphone condition, the three smartphone functions – music, talking and texting – differentially affect exercise behavior.

 

Continue Reading at MedicalNewsToday.com